KABUL: Civilian casualties in Afghanistan hit a record high in the first half of 2015, the UN said yesterday, as Afghan forces struggle to contain the expanding conflict six months after the NATO combat mission ended. In a worrying trend, ground combat is causing more deaths and injuries than improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the UN said, adding that the conflict was taking a particularly heavy toll on women and children.
The growing insecurity as Afghan forces face their first summer fighting season without full NATO support coincides with a faltering peace process, with the Taleban confronted by an increasingly bitter power transition. Total casualties-the combined number of civilians killed and wounded-between January and June increased one percent compared with the same period last year, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said in a report.
The report said 1,592 civilians were killed, a six percent fall over last year, while the number of injured jumped four percent to 3,329. The figures represent an average of around nine civilians killed and 18 wounded every day. The casualties have reached their highest level since the UN began issuing its authoritative reports in 2009.
“The cold statistics of civilian casualties do not adequately capture the horror of violence in Afghanistan, the torn bodies of children, mothers and daughters, sons and fathers,” said UNAMA chief Nicholas Haysom. “The statistics in this report do not reveal the grieving families and the loss of shocked communities of ordinary Afghans. These are the real consequences of the conflict in Afghanistan.”
UNAMA attributed 70 percent of civilian casualties to “anti-government elements” including the Taliban, while highlighting a 60 percent increase in casualties caused by pro-government forces compared to 2014. Female casualties soared 23 percent and child casualties increased by 13 percent, the report added, as civilians are increasingly caught in the crossfire.
“The thousands of civilians killed and injured from conflict-related violence… demonstrate the continued failure of parties to the conflict to protect civilians from harm,” the report said. The statistics are a grim indicator of rising violence as the Taleban insurgency spreads north from its traditional southern and eastern strongholds, with Afghan forces increasingly battling the militants on their own. US-led NATO forces ended their combat mission in Afghanistan in December, leaving local forces to battle militants alone, but a 13,000-strong residual force remains for training and counter-terrorism operations.
“When the NATO combat mission was on, the Taleban mostly used guerrilla tactics,” Graeme Smith, a senior analyst with the International Crisis Group in Afghanistan, told AFP. “Now they’ve grown bolder as they face Afghan forces directly. That explains why civilian casualties have risen, though not as dramatically as in previous years.”
But the Taleban face growing internal divisions after Mullah Akhtar Mansour was announced as the new head of the insurgent movement on Friday, following their confirmation of the death of Mullah Omar who led the militant movement for some 20 years. An increasingly bitter power struggle has broken out, casting a pall over a fragile peace process aimed at ending Afghanistan’s long war. The Taleban distanced themselves from the second round of talks that were scheduled for last Friday but were cancelled after the announcement of Omar’s death.
The powerful army chief of Pakistan, the Taleban’s historic sponsors, said this week that ongoing efforts at talks are the “only credible way” to achieve lasting peace in the region. Meanwhile, there has been no let-up in insurgent attacks. A suicide bomber late last month killed 19 people including women and children in a crowded market in the northern province of Faryab, as insurgents intensify their annual summer offensive launched in late April. – AFP