DUBAI: Airbus took a mega-order for 255 single-aisle A321 aircraft yesterday, the European plane-maker said in a statement, on the first day of a major air show in Dubai. It said the order came from Wizz Air, Frontier, Volaris and JetSMART-all from US company Indigo Partners-for a total value of more than $33 billion, according to the latest list price published by Airbus in 2018.
The total cost of the order was not disclosed, but list rates are rarely applied to large deliveries. Hungarian low-cost carrier Wizz Air will receive 102 aircraft, American Frontier Airlines will receive 91, while 39 will go to Mexico’s Volaris and 23 to Chilean JetSMART.
Airbus CEO Guillaume Faury said that because the four companies fall under the same aviation-focused equity firm, it allowed for a large order and for an attractive price, adding: “It’s a give and take situation.” Deliveries are set to begin in 2025. The embattled aviation industry flocked to the Dubai Airshow yesterday as it emerges from coronavirus pandemic travel restrictions and faces pressure to reduce its impact on climate change.
The five-day event in the United Arab Emirates is the industry’s first large gathering since COVID-19 clipped the sector’s wings last year, when border closures left airports deserted and hundreds of aircraft idle. Air traffic has bounced back since then, though it was still 53 percent lower in September than its pre-pandemic levels.
Indigo Partners chief Bill Franke said the company wanted “to be early in the (recovery) process”. Christian Scherer, Airbus Chief Commercial Officer and head of Airbus International, said the Indigo Partners airlines had “acted fast and decisively over the last few months to position themselves for this landmark order as the effect of the pandemic recedes and the world wants more sustainable flying”.
The pandemic will have no long-term impact on the need for new aircraft, according to a market outlook released Saturday by European plane maker Airbus, which foresees greener fleets emitting less CO2. There would be demand for 39,020 new passenger and freighter aircraft by 2040, bringing the global fleet to 46,720, the company said, releasing its outlook.
The forecast is not far off the 39,210 planes Airbus estimated in its 20-year market forecast issued in September 2019 — before a COVID-induced downturn which will still leave airlines with close to $52 billion in losses this year. While Airbus has returned to profit and delivered 460 aircraft in the first 10 months of the year, its American rival Boeing is still losing money and has supplied just 268 planes.
Yet Boeing projects new deliveries in the industry to total 43,610 by 2040, or roughly the same as the 43,315 forecast by aviation data firm Cirium. Global air traffic has started to bounce back from the worst of its pandemic decline, though in October it was still around half the level before the global health crisis idled aircraft. “Our industry is extremely resilient, the only thing is that we’ve lost two years of traffic because of the pandemic,” Christian Scherer, chief commercial officer and head of Airbus International, told reporters in Dubai.
The market is only expected to return to pre-pandemic levels between 2023 and 2025. Domestic air travel is doing better-which benefits Airbus and its A320 family of narrow-body aircraft. “While having lost nearly two years of growth over the COVID period, passenger traffic has demonstrated its resilience and is set to reconnect to an annual growth of 3.9 percent per year,” Airbus said in the statement. “The middle classes, who are the likeliest to fly, will grow in number by two billion people to 63 percent of the world’s population.”
Growth would be fastest in Asia, with China’s domestic market becoming the largest. Close to 40 percent of the industry’s new planes would be for replacement, according to Airbus, which sees demand shifting “from fleet growth to the accelerated retirement of older, less fuel-efficient aircraft”.
Compared with previous generations of planes the newest versions save 15-20 percent on fuel, reducing the carbon emissions which contribute to global warming. With the industry under pressure to further reduce its carbon footprint, Airbus will present at the airshow a model of its ZEROe concept hydrogen-burning aeroplane which would eliminate CO2 emissions.
Boeing will show off its ecoDemonstrator aircraft, a version of the 737 MAX used to try out new and cleaner technologies. “By 2040 the vast majority of commercial aircraft in operation will be of the latest generation, up from some 13 percent today,” the Airbus statement said.
The Dubai Airshow starts while the Glasgow COP26 climate conference to limit global warming is ending. Airlines will have to invest in newer planes that pollute less to meet a pledge by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050. Replacement of aircraft was “today’s most significant driver for decarbonisation,” said Scherer.
“The world is expecting more sustainable flying and this will be made possible in the short-term by the introduction of most modern aeroplanes,” he said in the Airbus statement. Three-quarters of the foreseen industry demand would be from what Airbus calls “small aircraft”, which include its single-aisle A220 and A320, as well as Boeing’s 737.
About 5,300 aircraft would fall into the medium category which includes the A330neo and the future A321 XLR-which has extended range-while Airbus foresees industry demand for “large” aircraft at around 4,000 over the two-decade period. This segment includes its widebody A350, as well as Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner and 777. On the cargo side, Airbus sees industry demand for 880 newly built freighters. – AFP