COLOMBO: US and European diplomats Saturday urged Sri Lanka’s beleaguered president to repeal a state of emergency imposed after a general strike brought the bankrupt country to a halt. Months of blackouts and acute shortages of food, fuel and medicines have caused widespread suffering across the South Asian island nation, which is enduring its worst-ever economic downturn. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa declared a fresh state of emergency on Friday after weeks of protests demanding his government step down over its mismanagement of the crisis.
US ambassador Julie Chung said she was “concerned” by the second state of emergency in as many months, adding that Sri Lanka’s deepening economic crisis and political gridlock needed long-term solutions. “The State of Emergency won’t help do that,” Chung said on Twitter.
The European Union said the ordinance “could have a counter productive effect” and noted that a month of anti-government protests had so far been peaceful. A spokesman for Rajapaksa said the state of emergency was imposed to “ensure public order” after Friday’s general strike brought public transport and economic activity to a halt.
The measure gives sweeping detention powers to the military and allows the president to make laws without parliamentary approval. Rajapaksa declared an earlier state of emergency on April 1, a day after thousands of protesters attempted to storm his home in the capital Colombo. It was allowed to lapse days later, but protests have since escalated and spread to every corner of the island.
Thousands have been camped outside Rajapaksa’s seafront office for nearly a month to demand his resignation. Police fired a barrage of tear gas and water cannon on Friday in an effort to disperse student protesters who were blockading parliament.
The government said in a Saturday statement that Sri Lanka was facing its “worst economic crisis and political instability ever”. “The state of emergency was declared to ensure political stability which is a vital condition in overcoming the current socio-economic crisis,” the statement added.
The emergency declaration is a blow to Sri Lanka’s vital tourism industry, which had been making a slow recovery after it was crippled by the coronavirus pandemic. “Tour operators are going to be reluctant because the emergency also means higher insurance premiums applicable to trouble spots,” a Colombo hotel manager told AFP.
Government sources said the president could ask his brother, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, to stand down in an effort to clear the way for a unity administration to navigate Sri Lanka through the crisis. But Sri Lanka’s largest opposition party has already said it will not join any government helmed by a member of the Rajapaksa clan.
Sri Lanka’s economic crisis took hold after the pandemic hammered income from tourism and remittances. Unable to pay for fuel imports, utility companies have imposed daily blackouts to ration electricity, while long lines of people snake around service stations for petrol and kerosene. Hospitals are short of vital medicines and the government has appealed to citizens abroad for donations. Last month, Sri Lanka announced it was defaulting on its $51 billion foreign debt. Finance Minister Ali Sabry warned this week that the country would have to endure the unprecedented economic hardship for at least two more years. – AFP