In Sweden, migrants live in fear of arson attacks

LUND, Sweden: “I came from my room to see what was happening. I saw the fire and ran outside,” says Dawit, a 13-year-old Ethiopian boy living in a Swedish centre for asylum seekers. His voice is steady and lacking emotion, but the arson attack on his temporary home for unaccompanied children has cast a shadow over his hopes of living in safety one day.

At least 25 centres for asylum seekers in the Scandinavian country have been reduced to ashes or damaged by fires this year, often set in the dark of night while the migrants sleep, unaware of the danger they are in.

Some centres have had stones thrown at them, while others have been vandalised. In the town of Malung, a cross two metres (six-and-a-half feet) high was raised and set ablaze outside a centre, in the style of the Ku Klux Klan, the US white supremacist movement.

Sweden’s Social Democratic Prime Minister Stefan Lofven has promised “just punishment for the cowards” whose actions tarnish Swedes’ sense of “national pride”.

The attacks have largely taken place in rural areas in the southern third of the country, south of the capital Stockholm, where the far-right Sweden Democrats are well established.

In the southern university town of Lund, Dawit-not his real name-says the attack on his shelter left him and its 13 other young residents shaken. “People were afraid,” he admits, looking far older than his 13 years as he makes toast for breakfast in the centre’s dining room before starting the day in the autumn sunshine with a cigarette and an energy drink.

Unthinkable to attack children

Lund is a liberal enclave in a relatively wealthy region in the province of Skane, otherwise known as the Sweden Democrats’ heartland. On October 26, Dawit was in his room late at night when the fire broke out, smoke billowing into the cozy communal area where the boys normally watch TV after doing their homework.

The flames were quickly brought under control but the brutality of the act stunned the youths.

It was unthinkable to them that someone would attack children seeking a safe haven, especially in a country known for its tolerance and openness. “Maybe they were a little bit naive,” the centre’s manager Fernando Cruz said. Arson attacks have surged as the number of migrants grows: Sweden expects up to 190,000 asylum seekers this year and 170,000 next year, making it the European Union country with the most migrant arrivals per capita.

Two days after the Lund attack, a man was arrested as he tried to break into an asylum seeker centre in the southwestern town of Vanersborg to “stab foreigners”, by his own account.

A week earlier, a young far-right supporter armed with a sword had killed a teacher and a student, both of foreign origin, at a school in the neighbouring town of Trollhattan.

The arson attacks on centres for asylum seekers have not caused any deaths or serious injuries, but the fear is palpable among the migrants who have fled war and political, religious or ethnic persecution.

“Especially in the days that followed (the fire) I think they were a bit more vigilant about what was happening outside the building, looking out the window and finding it harder to sleep,” Cruz said.

Inflammatory rhetoric
The far-right Sweden Democrats (SD) party has likened the massive influx of migrants to an “invasion”, while other radical groupings that abound on the web are accused of stirring up racial hatred. SD leader Jimmie Akesson has publicly condemned all calls for violence. While there is no doubt about the criminal nature of the attacks, there is as yet no hard proof of a racial motive in most cases.

Investigators are now trying to determine whether the attacks are the work of an individual or a group or network. Mona Sahlin, the national coordinator for protecting democracy against violent extremism, is critical of the “inflammatory” rhetoric being spread in the public debate and on social networks.

“I’m certain that it is part of the far-right extremist movement to use the refugee situation to strengthen their arguments… It was the same 20 years ago,” Sahlin told AFP in an interview.

In 1992, 52 attacks were carried out against centres housing refugees from the Balkans war.

At the Lund centre, life has returned to normal. Guards now patrol the outside and inside of the building every two hours. On the fire-damaged backdoor, Lund residents have left dozens of heart-shaped notes offering their support. “Welcome! I hope you will feel safe now,” reads one. – AFP

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