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Representative of Kuwait Amir to partake in Arab Summit

The Arab summit, a long lasting journey of joint Arab work

KUWAIT: The Representative of His Highness the Amir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, His Highness the Crown Prince Sheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, is scheduled to depart Kuwait on Tuesday to Algeria. His Highness Sheikh Mishal will head the State of Kuwait’s delegation to the 31st Arab Summit, hosted by the Algerian capital, Algiers.

The Algerian capital prepares to hold summit, amidst numerous regional and international fronts and after a three-year hiatus imposed by the coronavirus pandemic. The summit is set to navigate a number of significant issue, at the forefront of which is the unification of Arab stance, reinforcing cooperation, and overcoming implications of COVID-19, the Ukrainian situation and the global energy crisis.

The following is a chronology of all Arab summits including emergent ones, and their most notable outcomes since the establishment of League of Arab States in 1944:

— The extraordinary Inshas summit was held in May 1946 upon request from King Farouk of Egypt, with the attendance of the seven co-founders of the Arab League: Egypt, East Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria. The summit called for halting the emigration of Jews to Palestine.

— The extraordinary Beirut Summit was convened by Lebanese President Camille Chamoun in November 1956 in the presence of nine Arab leaders, following the tripartite aggression on Egypt and Gaza Strip.

— Cairo Summit took place in January 1964 as requested by Egyptian President Gamal Abdelnaser, with all the 13 Arab League members attending. The summit called for ending differences and achieving joint Arab interests.

— Alexandria Summit, mainly calling for supporting Arab solidarity, took place in September 1964 and was attended by 14 Arab leaders.

— Casablanca Summit was convened in September 1965, with the attendance of 12 Arab countries and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). They participants stressed regional and international backing to the Palestinian cause.

— Khartoum Summit took place in August 1967 following Arab defeat in the 1967 war with the Zionist entity. All Arab countries, excluding Syria, were represented. The summit culminated in what is known as the Three Nos “no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it”.

— Rabat Summit was held in December 1969, in the presence of 14 Arab countries, and urged for a cessation of hostilities between Palestinians and Jordanian forces in Jordan.

— The extraordinary Cairo Summit was convened in September 1970, following armed clashes between Palestinian organizations and Jordanian forces in Jordan. It was boycotted by Syria, Iraq, Algeria and Morocco.

— Algiers Summit took place in November 1973 following October 1973 War. It was attended by 16 Arab countries, but boycotted by Libya and Iraq. Mauritania joined the Arab League during this gathering.

— Rabat Summit was held in October 1974, with all Arab countries.

— Riyadh extraordinary summit was convened by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in October 1974 to look into the Lebanese conflict.

— The extraordinary Cairo Summit was hosted by the Egyptian capital in October 1976, with 14 countries participating.– Baghdad Summit was hosted by the Iraqi capital in November 1978 following the signing of a peace accord between Egypt and the Zionist entity. The conferees adopted a resolution relocating the Arab League headquarters and suspending Egypt’s membership.

— Tunis Summit came in November 1979 upon request from Tunisian President Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba. The conferees echoed condemnation of the Camp David accord.

— Amman Summit of November 1980 and saw the participation of 15 countries, but boycotted by Syria, Algeria, Lebanon and PLO. The summit called for settling Arab differences and for a cease-fire between Iraq and Iran.

— Fez Summit was held in November 1981, with all Arab countries, excluding Egypt, participating.

— Fez emergency summit, held in September 1982, grouped leaders of 18 Arab states, except for Libya and Egypt. Summiteers discussed the “Arab peace plan.”

— Casablanca extraordinary summit was held on August 1, 1985, in response to a request by (late) Moroccan King Hassan II. It addressed the Palestinian cause, deteriorating conditions in Lebanon and international terrorism.

— Amman emergency summit was convened in November 1987 with participation of 20 Arab states and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The summit declared solidarity with Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iraq in the face of Iranian threats and provocations.

— Algeria extraordinary summit, June 1988, held in response to a request by Algerian President Chadli Benjedid to support the Palestinian Intifada (uprising).

— Casablanca emergency summit, May 1989, during which Egypt’s membership in the Arab League was reinstated. Lebanon ,which was witnessing a power struggle between two governments, did not take part in the summit.

— Baghdad emergency summit, May 1990, which was held with absence of Lebanon and Syria addressed threats against Arab national security and condemned intensification of Jews’ immigration to the Zionist entity.

— Cairo emergency summit, August 1990, was held in the aftermath of the Iraqi aggression on the State of Kuwait. Tunisia was absent. Kuwait was represented by the Crown Prince late Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah. The summit asserted the sovereignty and independence of Kuwait, and demanded that Iraq withdraw its forces.

— Cairo extraordinary summit, held in June of 1996, saw the initial approval on establishing an Arab court of justice, the Eastern charter for Arab security and cooperation, and LAS mechanism in preventing, managing and settling conflicts.

— Cairo extraordinary summit, October 2000, was held in aftermath of violence in the occupied territories after the Zionist entity’s Prime Minister Ariel Sharon entered compound of shrines in Jerusalem.

— Amman summit, March 2001, participants reaffirmed cutting ties with any state country transferring embassy to Jerusalem and recognizing it as the Zionist entity’s capital.

— Beirut summit, took place in March 2002, and adopted an initiative by the Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz with respect of normalizing relations between Arab states and the Zionist entity on the condition that the Zionist entity would withdraw to the June 4, 1967 borders.

— Sharm El-Sheikha summit, March 2003, was chaired by Bahraini King Hamad bin Issa Al-Khalifa. Summiteers jointly rejected US offensive on Baghdad.

— Tunis summit was held in May 2004. Summiteers agreed on amending the Arab League charter for the first time since 1945.

— Algeria summit, held in March 2005, kicked off by observing a minute of silence and Quranic reading in homage to souls of the deceased: UAE President Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al-Nahyan, Palestinian President Yasser Arafat and Lebanese Prime Minister Rafic Al-Hariri.

— Khartoum summit, March 2006, approved establishment of the Arab Peace and Security Council.

— Riyadh summit, March 2007, was attended by 17 Arab leaders, asserted Emirates’ sovereignty over the three Islands.

— Damascus summit, March 2008, called for tackling inter-Arab rifts, declared support for UAE-Iran talks on resolving three islands issue, rejected American sanctions on Syria and affirmed importance of respecting Iraq’s unity of Iraq and its independence.

— Kuwait economic, development and social Summit, January 2009, was the first Arab summit to be held with attendance of 22 Arab states. Conferees agreed on doubling efforts to attain inter-Arab social and economic integration and adopting policies to cope with fallouts of the global financial crisis.

— Doha summit, March 2009, rejected a ruling by the International Criminal Court issuing an arrest warrant against Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir.– Sirte summit, October 2010, called for an Arab plan to salvage Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque.

— Sharm El-Sheikh economic and development summit, January 2011, condemned terrorism called for promoting religious tolerance and dialogue.

— Baghdad summit, March 2012, adopted a full-scale vision for reforms in the Arab world.

— Riyadh economic and development summit, January 2013, welcomed an initiative by Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz aiming to increase capitals of Arab financial organizations by no less than 50 percent.

— Doha summit, March 2013, approved establishment of the Arab Court for Human Rights and the Fund for Supporting Jerusalem.

— Kuwait summit, March 2014. It was the first Arab summit to be hosted by Kuwait since officially joining the Arab League on July 20, 1961.

— Sharm El-Sheikh Summit, March 2015, approved forming a joint Arab military force.

— Nouakchott summit, June 2016, approved merging the Arab economic, social summit with the regular summit.

Amman summit, March 2017, called on states of the globe to abstain from moving their embassies to Jerusalem or recognizing the holy city as capital of the Zionist entity.

— Dhahran summit, April 2018, it was named “Jerusalem summit as summiteers declared Washington’s decision to recognizing Jerusalem as the Zionist entity’s capital, illegitimate.

— Beirut economic and development summit, January 2019, affirmed the Arabs and Muslims’ responsibility toward Jerusalem and called for greater efforts to ensure return of refugees to their homelands.

— Sharm El-Sheikh summit, February 2019. It was the first summit that included leaders of the European Union. Summiteers affirmed necessity of regional cooperation to face common challenges, boosting Arab-European partnership, tackling irregular immigration and protecting the refugees.

— Tunis summit, March 2019, underscored necessity of settling crises in Syria, Libya and Yemen, as well as safeguarding the territorial integrity of Iraq, and stability of Lebanon.

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