Tehran hails ‘victory’ – Washington terminates 1955 ‘Treaty of Amity’ in response
THE HAGUE: The UN’s top court ordered the United States yesterday to lift sanctions on humanitarian goods for Iran, in a stinging rebuke for the Trump administration which nonetheless made clear the decision would change nothing. Tehran hailed its “victory” after the International Court of Justice ruled that sanctions re-imposed after President Donald Trump pulled out of a nuclear deal put Iranian lives at risk. But the United States insisted it was already allowing humanitarian exemptions to sanctions and, accusing Iran of seeking a “propaganda” win, announced it was terminating a treaty on which the case was based.
The judges at the court in The Hague ruled unanimously that sanctions on some goods breached the 1955 Treaty of Amity between Iran and the United States that predates Iran’s Islamic Revolution. They called on Washington to “remove by means of its choosing any impediments arising from the measures announced on 8 May to the free exportation to Iran of medicines and medical devices, food and agricultural commodities” as well as airplane parts and services, chief judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf said.
The court said sanctions on goods “required for humanitarian needs… may have a serious detrimental impact on the health and lives of individuals on the territory of Iran”. US sanctions also had the “potential to endanger civil aviation safety in Iran”. Trump slapped a first round of sanctions on Iran in August after pulling out in May from the 2015 international deal aimed at curbing Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, to the dismay of his European allies. A second round of punitive measures is due in November.
Iran dragged the United States to the ICJ in July, and during four days of hearings in late August, its lawyers accused Washington of “strangling” its economy. Foreign drugs are now a rare commodity in Iran which is also dealing with a free-falling rial currency and price hikes. Official Iranian statements acknowledge the shortage and say imports of certain drugs are no longer subsidized. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called the court ruling “another failure for sanctions-addicted US government and victory for rule of law”. The foreign ministry said in a statement that the ruling was a
“clear sign” that “Iran is in the right”.
But US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused Iran of “abusing the ICJ for political and propaganda purposes” and noted that the court did not reject US sanctions more broadly. “The court’s ruling today was a defeat for Iran. It rightly rejected all of Iran’s baseless requests,” Pompeo told reporters in Washington. He said that the United States was ending the 1955 friendship treaty, signed when Iran was ruled by the Western-oriented shah, prompting Zarif to slam the US as an “outlaw regime”. “Today US withdrew from an actual US-Iran treaty after the ICJ ordered it to stop violating that treaty in sanctioning Iranian people. Outlaw regime,” Zarif wrote on Twitter.
“This is a decision, frankly, that is 39 years overdue,” Pompeo said, referring to the time since the 1979 Islamic revolution transformed Iran from one of the closest US allies to a sworn foe. “Given Iran’s history of terrorism, ballistic missile activity and other malign behaviors, Iran’s claims under the treaty are absurd,” he said. The end of the treaty will have little direct effect but Iran has repeatedly cited it to seek claims against the United States, including when the US Navy downed an Iran Air civilian flight in 1988, killing 290 people.
Yesterday’s ruling is in fact a decision on so-called provisional measures ahead of a final ruling which may take several more years, experts said. Decisions by the Hague-based ICJ, which rules on disputes between United Nations members, are binding but it has no mechanism through which it can enforce its decisions. In 1986, Washington disregarded the court’s finding that it had violated international law by supporting the pro-US Contra the ICJ’s ruling rebels in Nicaragua. Iran in turn ignored the ICJ’s ruling in 1980 to release hostages seized when revolutionary zealots took over the US embassy.
Trump has repeatedly voiced disdain for international organizations that he sees as limiting US sovereignty. Trump’s national security adviser John Bolton recently threatened that the United States would take action against any judge from the separate International Criminal Court who pursues a case against US troops in Afghanistan.
Negotiated under his predecessor Barack Obama, Trump argues that the 2015 Iran deal gave Tehran money to support extremist groups and build nuclear-capable missiles. European allies have pledged to keep the agreement alive, with plans for a mechanism to let firms skirt the US sanctions as they do business with Iran. Hearings in a separate Iranian case against the US freezing of around $2 billion of Iranian assets to help American terror victims is due to start at the ICJ next week. – Agencies